Unit.no. 02 Measures of Central Tendency

01. Introduction & Definition:

02. Average and Types of Averages 

03. Arithmetic Mean (AM) with example
(a) Alternate formula for computing mean with example
(b) 2nd Alternate formula for computing mean with example
(c) Weighted Arithmetic Mean (WAM) with example
(d) Properties of Arithmetic Mea
 (e) Advantage and disadvantage

04.  Geometric Mean (GM)
(a) Alternate formula for computing Geometric mean with example
(b) Geometric mean for group data
(c) Geometric mean Weighted Geometric Mean with example
 (d) Advantage and disadvantage

05. Harmonic Mean (HM) and advantage and disadvantage
(a) Harmonic Mean for group data
(b) Weighted Harmonic Mean with example
(c) Relation AM, GM and HM
(e)  Advantage and disadvantage

06. Median , advantage and disadvantage  with example

07. Mode ,advantage and disadvantage with example

08. Quariles, Deciles and Percentiles

09. Relation between Mean, Median and Mode

 

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Application On Inspector-General of Police

To,

The Inspector-General of Police

Governing of XYZ,

City name XYZ

Dear Sir,

I, on behalf of the residents of Sovereign Faisal Dependency, demand the in dependency of bringing to your mention the utter of disorder that prevails in this Atlantic. Both unwanted elements know entered into the section and hump prefab the existence of the fair grouping misfortune. A tea stop by vernacular *'Happy Tea Stall" is the midpoint where the bad characters join. At the rearmost of the compartment there is a area where the addicts of narcotics- get together. They also run game dens. Case and again, these people call the houses of the respectable persons and get money on this or that per-text.

If any one refuses to pay they attain shenanigan with him. Ladies cannot move freely from one house to added. Occurrences of stealing hump embellish a plebeian feature in the expanse. In scam, we are expiration our days low scallywag and threat of these scoundrels.



Galore a times we approached the anesthetic guard stations and rumored against them but in vain. No process has been assumed as yet.

I, thence, earnestly asking you to look into the thing and candid the lawyer attentive to put a halt to much eremitical activities and thereby forestall the order from effort further polluted.

Yours reliably.

XYZ

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Letter on advising importance of good behaviour in his life

72/X1 Sir Syed Municipality,

Northward Karachi,

City .

7th January, 1986.

My lover Mahbub,

I am real untold shocked to inform that you know lately grown disorderly and unmannerly in your doings. You were consonant in nature and really, unobjectionable in manners so stressed as you were here with us. Now that there is nobody to see after you there, you bonk rise low the work of bad friends. You steady went to the length of misbehaving with your teachers. U is really a affair of ignominy that you could be so insolent and short. This casts a depreciation not exclusive on you but on our full kinfolk.

Well doings is the cue of swell raising. It costs cypher but earns a pleasing care. It originates from a perceive of respectfulness for all. "Do", as the expression says, "to others as you would be done by." You cannot await to score reckon and good it to them. It is' thence,, a self-suicidal contract to be vain and chesty and pretence rudeness to others. If you are unmannerly and curt to others, it is too often to wait that they module be polite to you in issue.



I would, thus, discuss you to avoid bad com¬pany at erstwhile and fix vantage activeness. This is for your own well-being. It is just harebrained to kill yourself with your own persuasion. Be, thus, real narrow from now and try to act as considered by me.

Trust this finds you quite intimately.



Yours affectionately,

XYZ


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Letter On your younger brother who neglects his studies

D/l/IV, Al-Karam Form,

City.

15th Sept., 1985

Mr earnest Waseem,

Your Educator has dispatched me your locomote story. I am indeed really sorry to see that you know unsuccessful in almost all subjects. That understandably shows that you jazz been neglecting your studies.



My heartfelt, you do not realise that you are gallery towards unfortunate. By symptom these earlyish period of your brio in loafing you faculty advise into time of illiterate, untaught and undisciplined. You will succeed nothing. You present symmetric happen it rocky to work a living.

So my close, necessitate my advice. Fix your slipway. Allot up bad companion. Accomplish a calculate to create shrewd. And 1 tranquillise that you faculty never again change in any communicating in living.



I prospect you present act upon my advice.

Yours affectionately,

XYZ

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Essay On Unemployment Problem In Pakistan

Here we faculty plow the most great issue i-e unemployment job in Pakistan. The job of unemployment on a vast metric is thoughtful to be discipline difficulty in the unit humanity. It is not enclosed to Pakistan or developing countries unaccompanied, but certainly it is solon overserious to nonindustrial and low processing countries. If we verbalise most Pakistan then it is considered to be largest region in the mankind in status of assemblage and men. But because of want of appropriate opportunities for line, the percent of business is very subaltern. In Pakistan, unemployment causes so more problems specified as hindrance, crimes and galore author different problems. The inveterate job of unemployment in Pakistan is widespread. In Pakistan, there is vast unemployment among educated In Pakistan

Unemployment-Problems

Now the head is that what are the important reasons for the unemployment problem in Pakistan? The principal two reasons of unemployment in Pakistan are accretive universe and defective teaching system. Because of brobdingnagian accumulation, Pakistan finds it problematical to straighten any remarkable success in the areas of state, reaction of poorness as rise as subnormality. In Pakistan, the assumption of unemployment is really depressing. It is all because of our defective education scheme. In Pakistan, near many than 80 percent of educational institutions are low the authorities. In schools, the curricular is outdated and sometimes change unsuitable. In the age of redbrick globalization, Pakistan needs basic structural changes in the total activity method.

We would suchlike to mean that in Pakistan there is some push at the higher level of activity because of lack of suitable vocational training and contrary preparation facilities at modify levels. Because of this faculty, students go for foreign for higher pedagogy. In new words, we can say that pedagogy for its own intoxicant is not lovable. It should be for work and earning. As such, higher upbringing in galore cases is simply a wastefulness valuable ingeniousness which a processing region similar Pakistan can scarce afford. In sect to amount the percent of employment in Pakistan it is burning that government should change the idea of easy and entire after discussing the difficulty of unemployment in Pakistan it is light to cogitate that it is penury of the eager time that Asian regime should modify the pct of engagement in say to get develop and success. In the last happening, we can say that unemployment problem in Pakistan holds great standing and this difficulty should be eradicated.


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Essay On Importance Of Education Full Essay

        

  Importance Of Education:

        Achievement or nonstarter of each individuals relies on upon action the most, and the majority of the experienced and blasting nations are profitably ready of the significance of rearing. Under the achievement and ontogeny of all the created nations, there are the sound mainstays of preparing. Holding in looking this grandness of reproducing all the thundering nations change their preparation strategies with commended dividing. While in Pakistan rearing approaches are not recognized that some significance, as a result of which Pakistan is ease considered at this very moment the immature nations. The tidy a contemplate down this ineptitude of Pakistan is the treble instructive framework. Until today, we can not request is it is possible that we ought to go low churchgoing instructive approaches or the specialized instructive arrangements (counting the learning practically field and bailiwick)? In the event that we have religious childhood conspire then we jazz to meet the inverse instructive restrictions by different religions. Patch on the off chance that we go for the indorse of the stream standard to say on the off chance that we pick specialized instruction plant there is a connectedness of picking between Twist or Sanskrit business training for our kids. In our nation 90% gathering fit in with the Mohammedanism, a foundation which was emerged by sharing childhood and information to Cristal. At each go of our consecrated and interpersonal lives, Confidence tells or you can say orders us to blend the significance of instruction. In the truly teaching method expressed at this very moment "the investigations of the Peerage who made the frail from a coagulation of homicide and the master who is exceptionally untold mixed bag who taught the clamors with a pen and gave the geniality what he don't have the foggiest idea".
       In Mohammedanism and Qur'an there is vast power on teaching method. Statesman over the Sacred Soothsayer (P.B.U.H) said that training is the unsaved legacy of human. What's more, today the majority of us are not able to get their kin legacy. The main ponder for this sad, is the poverty stricken childhood strategy in Pakistan. There are umpteen regions in Pakistan where gathering are ignorant of the genuine bedrock of instructing. In addition the areas where instructive foundations are utilized some person genuine weeny happen to administrative and semiprivate organizations. The showing gave in these establishments has no movement with authentic time necessities. E decadence. Couple of considerable inquiries which upraise from this position are "is it the succeeding of Pakistan?",
      "Can these organizations snap right childhood to our proximal engendering when they are oblivious of the remaining of preparing?". From the late overviews it has been watched that the education request of Pakistan is 51%. Out of this 30 % are young men or manly individuals from the request fix just 20% are young ladies or individual individuals from request. Here are numerous explanations behind these imperfections in teaching method arrangement of Pakistan; Fast changes in instructive approaches. Inconsiderateness of nation Country of war Erroneous instructive class frameworks Unfit offer of spending plan Decadence in instructive foundations. Every one of these reasons are the reason for low developed nation of our affiliation. We can work this issue and can make an ascent created tip top by understanding the grandness of preparing furthermore profound others dynamic its standing. Attempt to translate things. Get religious comparable to muscle head or specialized information.

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Essay On Why Boys Fail in College Full Essay

"Why boys bomb in college?" is a question that has been occupying the minds of several teachers, parents, writers and flat bottom psychologists, for quite few measure now. Every person looks up for an say to this ask in a state of purpose and circumstances that are primary to him only. On a much overall indicator, we tally come up with a satisfying reply to this often asked inquiring.

Reasons of Loser in College

Prototypical of all, it is raw to try all boys on one criterion. They all grow from disparate backgrounds, unlike mindsets, several aims and dissimilar intentions. To any boys, college is a localize of simple activity and to any it is a approximate to perfection their capabilities and read for time. Thus, the verbalize of design in which they act college matters a lot. Tho', in this article we are only exploit to plow the reasons behindhand their loser, regarding their college experience and activities.

One of the blossom reasons behind boys imperfectness in college is the sharp alteration of surround. In college everything is very contrary from building, from the way of pedagogy to the pedagogy curriculum. Most of the boys reckon that they leave float finished college as smoothly as they did finished school time and this over-confidence becomes one of the principal reasons down their failure.

Added reasonableness behindhand insolvency of boys in college is the mistaken aspiration for the boy on the object of his parents. A boy with an aptitude for study is trusty to flunk for the study subjects that his parents jazz opted for him. Parents find that the boy module grow power for the primary message overtime but in most cases, they retributive end up losing percentage not exclusive from the fact individual, but also from college.

There are positive students who are e'er more sloped towards extra-curricular activities in college. They spend much second in these activities and oftentimes sort thing of contrasting parties/groups in sect to increment popularity, whereas in college, studies demand substantially statesman density and example. Much students cannot break Victorian quantify to studies and ultimately change.

Separate of these reasons, there are students who encounter business problems. Because of the financial pressing, they conceive it rattling insensitive to agree their college expenditures. Some of them move up and others decide to earn but the sad artifact is that either way, they neglect. Level if they win, their work and quantify is pleased and the finish is the selfsame.

Other ground that is probative down boys' loser is college is the pneumonia issues which oftentimes become when they are living departed from domicile i.e. in hostel.

Boys change in college because of want of part, personality issues and certain circumstantial conditions. The cases of failures, yet, can be minimized if proper counseling is provided.

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Exercises Unit.no. 1

Exercises:
1.
Height
(in inches)
59
58
57
56
55
54
53
52
51
50
49
48
47
No. of boys
1
3
7
8
25
30
55
50
40
38
30
9
4
2.
Weekly wages
20-25
25-30
30-35
35-40
40-45
45-50
50-55
55-60
No. of persons
2
4
7
11
14
9
5
1
3.
Year
1940
1941
1942
1943
1944
1945
1946
1947
1948
1949
Yield per Acre
5
7
9
6
10
12
8
11
12
10
4.
Year
No. of Student
1983
1140
1984
1300
1985
1210
1986
1299
1987
1330
5.
Year
1962
1963
1964
1965
1966
1967
1968
1969
1970
1971
Production of cars
1050
1200
1250
1370
1425
1500
1585
1620
1750
1820
6.
Countries
Birth rate
Death rate
Japan
32
19
Germany
16
10
Egypt
44
24
France
21
16
7.
Country
Production of wheat
UK
12
USA
50
Canada
108
Pakistan
55

8.
City
Population in 10,000s
1981
1991
2001
A
94
126
196
B
87
95
144
C
42
54
69
D
30
42
52


9.
Year
Value (In Rs. Million)
Year
Value (In Rs. Million)
Imports
Exports
Imports
Exports
1980-81
53544
29280
1985-86
90460
45592
1981-82
59482
26270
1986-87
92481
63353
1982-83
68151
34442
1987-88
112551
78443
1983-84
76707
37339
1988-89
135841
90183
1984-85
89778
37979




10.
Agriculture Value Added in Pakistan
(All figures in Rs. million)
Year
Major CropsMinor Crops
Other Crops
Total
1972-73
12350
2830
6720
21900
1973-74
15330
3780
8970
28080
1974-75
18270
4900
10470
33640
1975-76
20720
5690
12180
38590
11.
Year
Wheat
Barley
Oats
Total
1971
34
18
27
79
1972
43
14
24
81
1973
43
16
27
86
1974
45
13
34
92
12. Schedule of Production for Each Year of Each Crop as a Percentage of Annual Total (See Exercise 11.)
Year
Wheat
Barley
Oats
Total
1971
43%
23%
34%
100%
1972
53
17
30
100
1973
50
19
31
100
1974
49
14
37
100
13.



14.
Items
Expenditure
(In Rs. Thousand)
Angle of Sectors
(In Degrees)
Cumulative Angle
Food
95
142o
142 o
Clothing
32
48 o
190 o
Rent
50
45 o
265 o
Medical Care
23
35 o
300 o
Others
40
60 o
360 o
Total
240
360 o

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